What are Normal Blood Sugar Levels?

No Comments

Normal blood sugar ranges in healthy non-diabetics

For a person without any type of diabetes, blood sugar levels are generally between 70 to 130 mg/dL depending on the time of day and the last time they ate a meal. Newer theories about non-diabetic blood sugar levels have included post-meal blood sugar levels as high as 140 mg/dL.

(If you live outside the US and are used to measures in mmol/L, just divide all numbers by 18)

Here are the normal blood sugar ranges for a person without diabetes according to the American Diabetes Association:

  • Fasting blood sugar (in the morning, before eating): under 100 mg/dL – FBS.
  • 1 hour after a meal: 90 to 130 mg/dL
  • 2 hours after a meal: 90 to 110 mg/dL
  • 5 or more hours after eating: 70 to 90 mg/dL

Diagnosing prediabetes, type 2, and type 1 diabetes

What are normal blood sugar levels?

Depending on which country or medical organization you ask, the qualifying numbers for “normal” versus “prediabetes” versus diagnosed type 1 or type 2 diabetes can vary slightly. The following blood sugar and A1c the general results are used to diagnosed prediabetes and diabetes according to sources including the American Diabetes Association and Diabetes UK:  

Prediabetes

  • HbA1c: 5.7 to 6.4 percent
  • Fasting: 100 to 125 mg/dL
  • 2 hours after a meal: 140 mg/dL to 199 mg/dL

Type 1 or 2 diabetes

  • HbA1c: 6.5 percent or higher
  • Fasting: 126 mg/dL or higher
  • 2 hours after a meal: 200 mg/dL or higher

Please note: Type 1 diabetes tends to develop very quickly which means that by the time symptoms are felt, blood sugar levels are generally well above 200 mg/dL all the time. For many, symptoms come on so quickly they are dismissed as the lingering flu or another seemingly ordinary virus.

By the time blood sugar levels are tested, many newly diagnosed type 1 patients will see levels above 400 mg/dL or higher. If you do suspect that you or a loved-one has type 1 diabetes, visit your primary care or urgent care immediately and ask for a urine test to measure ketones in addition to testing blood sugar levels and A1c. You can not delay with the analysis says the doctor Slinkin.

Denis Slinkin

Read more about ketones at diagnosis in Diabetes Strong’s Diabetic Ketoacidosis Guide.

Your A1c and blood sugar goals

Managing any type of diabetes is far more complicated than giving a patient some insulin and telling them to keep their blood sugars within X and X. If you’ve lived with diabetes for more than a few days, you probably already know this.

What is A1c?

“A1c, hemoglobin A1c, HbA1c or glycohemoglobin test (all different names for the same thing) is a blood test that measures your average blood sugar over the last 2-3 months,” explains Christel Oerum in DiabetesStrong’s guide to lowering your A1c.

The prior two weeks of blood sugar levels before your blood is tested for your A1c have the largest impact on your results, but the amount of glucose attached to hemoglobin (the protein in your red blood cells) in your body from the prior 3 months. The more glucose there is in your bloodstream from high blood sugar levels, the more glucose there is to attach to hemoglobin.

Translating your A1c to a blood sugar level

Using this easy calculator from the ADA, you can translate your most recent A1C result to an “eAG” or “estimate average glucose level.”

You can also use this translation when working to improve your A1c and achieving closer to normal blood sugar levels. If you know an A1c of 6.5 is an average blood sugar level of 126 mg/dL or a range of 100 to 152 mg/dL, then you can look at your current blood sugar results on your CGM and meter and pinpoint which time of day you’re frequently higher than this range.

12% = 298 mg/dL or range of 240 – 347
11% = 269 mg/dL or range of 217 – 314
10% = 240 mg/dL or range of 193 – 282
9% = 212 mg/dL or range of 170 –249
8% = 183 mg/dL or range of 147 – 217
7% = 154 mg/dL or range of 123 – 185
6% = 126 mg/dL or range of 100 – 152
5% = 97 mg/dL or range of 76 – 120

“Normal blood sugar levels” in a person without diabetes can result in an A1c as low as 4.6 or 4.7 percent and as high as 5.6 percent. 

Just a decade or two ago, it was rare for a person with type 1 diabetes to achieve an A1c result below 6 percent. Thanks to new and improved insulin and better technology like continuous glucose monitors and smarter insulin pumps, more people with diabetes are able to safely achieve A1c levels in the higher 5 percent range.

Why your A1c matters

In a nutshell: your A1c is one of the clearest indicators of your risk for developing diabetes complications like neuropathy (nerve damage in your hands and feet), retinopathy (nerve damage in your eyes, risking blindness), nephropathy (nerve damage in your kidneys), and severe infection in any part of your body that requires healing.

For instance, a small cut on your toe could become infected due to high blood sugars, struggle to heal, and become severe enough that the infection could lead to an amputation.

The general guidelines from the American Diabetes Association recommend an A1c at or below 7.0 percent for the best prevention of diabetes complications. Your risk of developing a diabetes complication continues to drop as your A1c drops closer to 6 percent.

Some people with diabetes aim for A1c levels in the 5s and lower — especially those who follow strict low-carb diets like the ketogenic diet and the Bernstein diet. However, this hasn’t been proven in research as especially necessary, nor is it reasonably achievable for the larger population of people with diabetes.

Denis recalls that important to remember that your blood sugar levels and your A1c are just information that tells you whether your body needs more or less of factors like insulin, other diabetes medications, changes in your nutrition, and changes in your exercise.

If you don’t like the number you’re seeing on your glucose meter or your A1c results, use that number as motivation to make changes (with the support of your diabetes healthcare team) in how you safely manage your diabetes in order to get different results.

Denis Slinkin FBS

Determining the right A1c goal for you

Just because a normal blood sugar range of 70 to 130 mg/dL is considered the healthiest doesn’t necessarily mean that’s the appropriate goal range for you — especially if you have type 1 diabetes, or take insulin as a person with type 2 diabetes.

The reason this may not be the right goal for you is that extremely tight blood sugar management in people taking insulin can potentially lead to frequent low blood sugars — which can be dangerous.

Achieving extremely tight blood sugar management, like a range of 70 to 130 mg/dL, also often requires a strict nutrition plan, more frequent than usual blood sugar monitoring, precise medication management, and most importantly, years of experience studying your own blood sugar levels.

A1c goals should be individualized 

“A1c goals should be individualized based on the individual capabilities, risks, and prior experiences,” explains Gary Scheiner, MS, CDE, founder of Integrated Diabetes, and author of Think Like a Pancreas.

“For example, we generally aim for very tight A1c levels during pregnancy and more conservative targets in young children and the elderly.”

However, Scheiner and Slinkin highlights important factors that could justify aiming for a higher A1c, like “hypoglycemia unawareness,” which is described as when a person with diabetes no longer feels the oncoming warning signs of low blood sugar. This can put you at significant risk for severe low blood sugars resulting seizures or death. To reduce that risk, you would aim for higher target blood sugar ranges.

“Someone with significant hypoglycemia unawareness and a history of severe lows should target higher blood glucose levels than someone who can detect and manage their lows more effectively,” adds Scheiner. “And certainly, someone who has been running A1c’s in double digits [like 10 percent or higher] for quite some time should not be targeting an A1c of 6%… better to set modest, realistic, achievable goals.”

Learn how to lower your A1c in DiabetesStrong’s A1C Guide.

Your blood sugar isn’t just because of what you eat

Mainstream media would have you believe that your blood sugar levels are impacted only by what you eat and how much you exercise, but people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes who test their blood sugars frequently could tell you otherwise.

It’s especially important to keep this mind when looking at your own blood sugars and your goals because there are certain variables and challenges that impact blood sugar levels that you can’t always control.

For example:

  • Menstrual cycles: raises blood sugar and insulin needs
  • Adrenaline rushes from competitive sports, heated arguments, rollercoaster rides: raises blood sugar and insulin needs
  • The common cold and other illnesses: usually raises blood sugar and insulin needs
  • Hormonal changes due to puberty and healthy growth in young adults: raises blood sugar and insulin needs
  • An injury which raises overall inflammation levels: raises blood sugar and insulin needs
  • Glucogenesis during anaerobic exercise: raises blood sugar

While you can’t necessarily prevent these factors that affect your blood sugar from occurring, you can work with your diabetes healthcare team to adjust your insulin, other diabetes medications, nutrition and activity levels to help compensate for them when they do occur.

For example, when engaging in anaerobic exercise — like weightlifting — many people with type 1 diabetes find it necessary to take a small bolus of insulin prior to or during their workout because anaerobic exercise can actually raise blood sugar.

Learn more about exercising with diabetes in DiabetesStrong’s Fit with Diabetes ebook.

Still frustrated with your blood sugar and A1c results?

Your FBS and your insulin or medication needs never stay in one place. If you gain weight or lose weight, your insulin and medication needs will change. If you become more active or less active, your needs will change. If you make drastic or even small changes to your nutrition, your needs will change!

Working with your diabetes healthcare team, and diabetes coaches who can teach you how to make changes in your overall diabetes management plan are essential. Diabetes is a lifelong learning process.

Take a deep breath and be patient. If you don’t like what you’re seeing on your glucose meter, don’t get mad…get studying! Take good notes and work with your team to make changes to reach your goals.

Read more about improving your A1c in DiabetesStrong’s guide, How to Lower Your A1c.

If you liked this guide to normal blood sugar levels, please sign up for our newsletter (and get a sign-up bonus) using the form below. We send out a weekly newsletter with the latest posts and recipes from Diabetes Strong.

Categories: Uncategorized

Appendicitis Symptoms

Before we describe Appendicitis symptoms, it is necessary to explain what this condition actually is. So let’s say something about Appendicitis first.

Appendicitis is a medical name for appendix inflammation. This condition is rather severe and may cause serious health complications and problems, so it requires immediate intervention. When the inflammation occurs, sometimes it calls for emergency measures such as removal of the appendix. If left untreated, this condition may even cause death.

If detected on time, a patient has a chance to treat it and thus his chances to heal the inflammation are higher. If the inflammation is very severe the problem can still be solved by the appendix removal. That is why it is extremely important to know about the symptoms.

It is the only way to detect it before it is too late. So learn about the appendicitis symptoms right now.


The first symptom is usually an abdominal pain. At first it is not localized and the patient has a feeling like his whole stomach is in pain. After some time (usually in about six hours) the pain becomes more localized and the patient feels it in the right side. Now, the appendix position varies, which makes the whole problem even more difficult. In case that the appendix is normally positioned, the pain is situated within the right iliac region. If the appendix is positioned higher, the pain follows it and the patient feels it beneath his right rib.

You get the picture how difficult it can be to determine what really hurts you, since the appendix can be positioned higher or lower, depending on a person. Some might ask: “Well, how will I know if it is appendicitis?” If the pain is strong, constant and lasts for more than five hours, call your doctor. It does not mean that you actually have appendicitis, but do not wait for too long because in case you do have it, it can really harm you in a short time.

Sometimes the pain is accompanied by a fever or nausea. It may worsen when you cough or move. A patient may experience a pain in the back, constipation and fever. His stomach may get swollen and painful to touch.

Categories: Uncategorized

Appendicitis Symptoms

Before we describe Appendicitis symptoms, it is necessary to explain what this condition actually is. So let’s say something about Appendicitis first.

Appendicitis is a medical name for appendix inflammation. This condition is rather severe and may cause serious health complications and problems, so it requires immediate intervention. When the inflammation occurs, sometimes it calls for emergency measures such as removal of the appendix. If left untreated, this condition may even cause death.

If detected on time, a patient has a chance to treat it and thus his chances to heal the inflammation are higher. If the inflammation is very severe the problem can still be solved by the appendix removal. That is why it is extremely important to know about the symptoms.

It is the only way to detect it before it is too late. So learn about the appendicitis symptoms right now.


The first symptom is usually an abdominal pain. At first it is not localized and the patient has a feeling like his whole stomach is in pain. After some time (usually in about six hours) the pain becomes more localized and the patient feels it in the right side. Now, the appendix position varies, which makes the whole problem even more difficult. In case that the appendix is normally positioned, the pain is situated within the right iliac region. If the appendix is positioned higher, the pain follows it and the patient feels it beneath his right rib.

You get the picture how difficult it can be to determine what really hurts you, since the appendix can be positioned higher or lower, depending on a person. Some might ask: “Well, how will I know if it is appendicitis?” If the pain is strong, constant and lasts for more than five hours, call your doctor. It does not mean that you actually have appendicitis, but do not wait for too long because in case you do have it, it can really harm you in a short time.

Sometimes the pain is accompanied by a fever or nausea. It may worsen when you cough or move. A patient may experience a pain in the back, constipation and fever. His stomach may get swollen and painful to touch.

Categories: Uncategorized

What is Appendicitis

You have probably heard about appendicitis and you must know what the appendix is; here you will find a detailed answer to the question: “What is appendicitis?”

The appendix is a small part of human body which looks like a finger. It is located on the right side of a lower abdomen. What is quite curious about this organ is that even today it is still not well determined what the appendix is actually for. It seems that our body doesn’t even use this organ. Some theories claim that this body part is just a left-over from our ancestors. Some recent researches provide indications that the appendix is needed in our bodies to be a home for bacteria which has an important role in digestion process.

If we put aside these assumptions, it is less important to determine the exact function of this body part; what is more important is to find a way to prevent the problems it may cause and treat them in time. Appendix can (and often does) create serious health problems. Those conditions may even result in death. So keep reading on this issue.

The inflammation of the appendix is a condition known as appendicitis. What happens here is that the appendix turns swollen, painful and quite inflamed. This condition may occur in any group of people no matter how old they are; it can happen to very young kids as well as to old people.

Appendicitis can be diagnosed after the symptoms had occurred. Unfortunately, it seems to be the only way. There is no way to diagnose it before the symptoms occur, which makes it even more difficult and dangerous for the patient. That’s why it is important to react on time as soon as the first symptom occurs. This is another reason why you should learn more about this condition and its symptoms.

Categories: Uncategorized

Appendicitis Recovery

Here you can learn what happens after the appendix removal and all the important facts about appendicitis recovery.

We have already mentioned the two ways of appendix removal procedure. Those two methods differ from each other in the number of incisions made on the patients’ abdomen. The first method involves three to six small incisions while the other one involves only one larger incision. The time that the patient needs to spend in the hospital may vary.

If there was no appendix bursting and the surgery was done without any complications, the patient will go home in short time. But in case there were complications of any kind (especially appendix bursting) the patient would have to stay in the hospital for some time, depending on his condition. Full recovery shouldn’t take longer than five or six weeks. Still there is no rule to this; it all depends on one’s health in general.

After the surgery, the patient will certainly have to make some changes concerning his life style, habits and diet. During this period the patient must rest and must not practice any physical activity whatsoever. Again, the rest is necessary for successful recovery, so the patient has to get enough sleep. If going out for a walk, one should walk slowly and these walks shouldn’t be long. Also, one shouldn’t make any sudden moves, especially when getting up.

One must be extra careful when it comes to hygiene in order to prevent infections. In case of infection, the patient should visit his doctor without delay. Healthy food is strongly recommended so as well balanced water intake. Alcohol and unhealthy/heavy meals must be restricted. One should consult the doctor before making any changes or if having any questions. (If you are feeling well, that doesn’t mean you are ready to go back to your daily routine right away).

Categories: Uncategorized

Appendicitis Pain

Appendicitis pain is one of the most severe symptoms of appendicitis. This pain is often intense and one can experience it along with nausea, vomiting and fever. However, pain is always present as a symptom, and you can feel it especially if you touch the spot where your appendix is located. The pain is always present in appendicitis patients, regardless of their age or gender. Sometimes the pain can get so unbearable, that it requires an immediate medical help. If you feel pain that you just cannot stand, call your doctor right away.

Where Is the Pain Located?

Appendicitis pain is located within the area of lower abdomen. In most of the cases, patients feel the pain within the central abdominal area. Patients tend to locate the pain within the central area of the abdomen, but the pain is actually on the right side of lower abdomen. Sometimes this is so painful, that one cannot even tell where exactly it is hurting him. After some time, the pain will probably localize and the patient will be able to tell the exact location of the pain. You can fell the pain is getting stronger if you press the spot.

Appendicitis pain is not the only symptom you can experience. Abdominal discomfort is also likely to occur, so as digestion problems, constipation or diarrhea. Fever is also a common symptom of appendicitis. It can be quite high, like 38 or 39 degrees. However, these symptoms are also seen in other diseases, so do not jump to conclusions! The most certain indicator of appendicitis is – severe pain in your lower abdomen. Sometimes people think that something else is wrong, until they start feeling intense pain, especially when they touch the right side of the lower abdomen. Most people ignore the pain in the beginning. They usually hope that the pain will go away. However, you should never ignore this kind of pain. If you experience anything alike, visit your doctor and see what’s wrong.

If you are having unbearable pain, this can indicate perforation. Perforated appendicitis pain is the worst possible pain you can imagine, so do not wait any longer. Call your doctor right away.

Your doctor will be able to tell whether it is appendicitis or not. He will do the physical examination of your abdomen. Tell your doctor about other symptoms (if there are any).

Categories: Uncategorized

Appendicitis in Pregnancy

Here you can read about appendicitis in pregnancy. This is a common problem in pregnant women, so you should learn more about the symptoms, treatment and possible complications. Appendicitis symptoms in pregnancy can sometimes be hard to detect. Pregnancy itself is accompanied by symptoms like nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. As we know, appendicitis is usually accompanied by similar symptoms. However, abdominal pain is different from abdominal discomfort during pregnancy. This pain occurs usually on the right side of the abdomen and gets more intense when you touch the spot.

Appendicitis in Pregnancy: What Are the Symptoms?

As we said, pregnant women often blame pregnancy for most of the problems they face. Nausea and vomiting are known to be common problems in pregnant women, so many of them do not think about other possibilities. Abdominal discomfort is also considered normal during pregnancy. Those are the reasons why appendicitis in pregnancy is diagnosed relatively late.

If left untreated, appendicitis can cause severe problems. There were cases of fatal consequences. The consequences can be fatal not only for the mother, but for the baby as well. Some women have lost their babies due to ruptured appendicitis. This is why it is extremely important to recognize the symptoms in time and start treating this condition. You should check your health regularly. If you are experiencing any kind of unusual symptoms or you are having difficulties during pregnancy, talk to your doctor immediately. Keep in mind that prompt action can save you and your child. If detected in time, appendicitis can be successfully treated.

Pregnant women are usually concerned about the appendix operation during pregnancy. Let us say more about this issue. Doctors agree that it is better to have an operation than to let appendicitis cause further complications. Ruptured appendicitis can cause death of the mother and her child as well. There is no need to compare anything to this possibility, and that brings us to conclusion that appendicitis surgery during pregnancy can be a life-saving option. Many researches have proved this fact.

If you are pregnant, you must be aware that you have to control your health regularly. If you experience any of the symptoms of appendicitis, contact your doctor. He will do all the necessary analysis to determine what the problem is. Never ignore any of the symptoms, especially the pain. Abdominal pain can indicate appendicitis and it should never be ignored.

Categories: Uncategorized

Appendicitis in Children

Appendicitis in children can be very traumatic experience. Appendicitis can be very dangerous condition, especially for children, since they are more sensitive than the adults are. When it comes to children, it can be hard to determine what is wrong, since they are often unable to tell you what kind of problem they actually have and where exactly they feel pain. If your kid is experiencing high fever, vomiting, nausea, bad digestion, constipation or diarrhea – all of those symptoms can indicate appendicitis. Touch your child’s abdomen (very gently) and ask him if he feels any pain. Try to locate the pain.

Never ignore these symptoms. Keep in mind that kids are usually confused and cannot tell you what they feel exactly. Take your child to your doctor. He will do all the necessary examinations and you will know what to do next. If you react in time, it will be much easier to treat it. Be patient with your child and tell him not to be scared. Appendicitis pain can be very severe and your child can get very scared. Do not talk about appendicitis surgery in front of your kid – this will only make him even more scared.

Appendicitis Symptoms in Children

We have already mentioned some of the most common appendicitis symptoms. However, there are other symptoms that can occur. You should know more about this condition, in order to detect it in time. That is the only way to help your child. Here are other symptoms of appendicitis: fever that can be mild or can go higher (up to 39 degrees); appetite loss, swollen stomach and abdominal pain. If your kid goes to bathroom very frequently and has an increased need for urinating, this can also indicate appendicitis in your child.

You cannot really prevent appendicitis in your kid, but you can take care of his general health. That way, the chances for getting appendicitis will be considerably reduced. It is extremely important to detect appendicitis symptoms in time. As we said, if you notice them in time, they will be easier to treat. Appendicitis symptoms in children are pretty much the same as in adults, but the problem is that children often fail to describe what they really feel. That is why you should take your kid to a hospital as soon as possible. That is the only way to find out what is wrong. Waiting can only make this condition worse and lead to further complications.

Categories: Uncategorized

Appendicitis Symptoms

What is Appendicitis

Posted on September 06th, 2010 in Appendicitis

You have probably heard about appendicitis and you must know what the appendix is; here you will find a detailed answer to the question: “What is appendicitis?” The appendix is a small part of human body which looks like a finger. It is located on the right side of a lower abdomen. What is quite […]

Categories: Uncategorized

Appendicitis Rupture

Here you can read about appendicitis rupture. This is a life-threatening condition, so you should be informed about appendicitis symptoms and treatment. Appendix is a tiny tube (nearly ten centimeters long), located on the right side of lower abdomen. The function of appendicitis is still unknown. Doctors often say that this small organ is something that our far ancestors have left for us, and its main function is to cause health problems. This sounds like a joke, but if you think it through, you will see it is true. There are theories that appendix should be removed right at one’s birth. This is suggested in order to avoid any problems during a person’s later life. You can see certain logics in that suggestion.

However, most of us still have appendix and we need to be well informed. Problems that can occur are serious and ruptured appendicitis is one of the most dangerous problems – this one is life-threatening.

Appendicitis is a disease that occurs because of an inflamed appendix. This condition causes intense pain in the lower abdomen, especially on the right side. The spot is sensitive to touch and the pain can get even more intense, sometimes unbearable. We have already said about the symptoms of appendicitis. Nausea, vomiting, fever, and abdominal discomfort are all possible symptoms of appendicitis. However, the pain is certainly the most severe symptom and it can indicate ruptured appendicitis. That is why it is extremely important to visit your doctor as soon as you feel the pain. Appendicitis diagnosis is not very simple. The pain can occur because of nearly anything. Therefore, you should pay more attention to other symptoms of appendicitis. On the other hand, you can even go without any other symptoms. The only way to be certain is to visit your doctor. He will do some routine examinations and determine the problem.

Ruptured Appendicitis Pain

Before appendix ruptures, the pain gets sharper and easier to locate. The pain will move towards the right side of your abdomen. Other symptoms that accompany the pain are appetite loss, nausea and abdominal discomfort. Difficulties in digestion are also possible, so as fever, diarrhea and constipation.

Complications that can occur because of ruptured appendix can be fatal. It is extremely important to prevent this. Once you feel the pain, visit your doctor immediately. If detected in time, appendix problems can be successfully solved. If you wait, it will only make things worse. There have been many deaths of ruptured appendicitis.

Categories: Uncategorized